By Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaA pregnant woman walks down the street of a large city. She doesn’t know it, but the air she’s breathing could be hurting her unborn baby.From recent studies in many countries, scientists suspect a relationship between exposure to air pollution and health problems like preterm births, low birth weights, poor fetal development and mortality, said Luke Naeher, an environmental epidemiologist with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.The questionScientists know the air pollution in large cities can aggravate or cause health problems in children and adults. But how can it affect a baby inside a mother’s womb?Naeher wants to answer this question.In the summer of 2002, Naeher studied the personal air pollution exposure of 45 pregnant women in Trujillo, Peru. His co-investigator was Manuel Aguilar Villalobos, director of the Asociacion de Aire Ambient in Lima, Peru.Based on this research, the American Chemistry Council has awarded Naeher a $100,000 grant to expand his research in Trujillo.Naeher will measure the personal pollution exposure of 100 pregnant Trujillo women (50 from urban and 50 from rural areas) during their pregnancies.He and his team will measure air pollution levels inside the homes of the pregnant women and at one urban and one rural site. The team will collect blood and urine samples from the women during their pregnancies and postdeliveries. And they’ll collect samples of meconium, a baby’s first feces, and umbilical cord blood from the newborns.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention will analyze the samples. “This study will help us understand the magnitude and potential impact of prenatal exposure to a range of environmental pollutants,” Naeher said.Peruvian problemTrujillo is a city of about 750,000 people in a developing country. It has higher levels of air pollution than most U.S. cities. Peruvian standards and regulations on vehicle emissions, the leading cause of air pollution, are weakly enforced. And they’re 30 years behind those in the United States, he said.In many cases, homes in Trujillo offer no escape from air pollution. Many people there use wood or kerosene stoves to heat and cook inside homes with little ventilation.“The indoor environment smoke exposure generated from these stoves is orders of magnitude higher than levels typically seen in U.S. homes,” he said.Naeher hopes the study will lead to simple economical and cultural changes that can reduce air pollution and protect the population of Trujillo.The data, he said, can be used to understand the effects of air pollution on pregnant women and unborn babies in the United States and other countries, too.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享St. Louis Post-Dispatch:An insurance company is demanding nearly $128 million in collateral from Peabody Energy Corp., citing the company’s “deteriorating” financial condition.In a lawsuit filed Thursday by Argonaut Insurance Co., the company says it has issued over $202 million in surety bonds to Peabody-associated entities around the globe. They are mostly reclamation-type bonds issued to ensure that mines and surrounding lands are restored after mining operations end, the suit says.Beginning in August, Argonaut demanded that it be released from the bonds, citing Peabody’s “deteriorating” financial condition, the suit says. Peabody could alternately provide sufficient collateral or an irrevocable letter of credit.Peabody has provided $75 million in collateral, but Argonaut wants nearly $128 million more, or 100% of the value of the bonds, the suit says. The lawsuit seeks a judge’s order that would enforce the terms of the bonds.In a statement, Peabody said it is “seeking a mutually agreeable solution,” and promised “a comprehensive update” on collateral requests during their Nov. 9 announcement of their quarterly financial results.St. Louis-based Peabody, like other coal companies, has struggled during the coronavirus pandemic and due to decline in demand.[Robert Patrick]More: Insurance company demanding nearly $128 million in collateral from Peabody Energy Insurance company seeking collateral from Peabody to cover the coal miner’s cleanup bonds
continue reading » “Leadership is not a position or title, it is an action and example.”I recently posted that quote from Cory Booker on my Facebook page. The first two comments I received were, “Doing what is right for the majority, not the select few,” and “Great way to think about it.”As a consultant working in the leadership arena for more than 20 years, both comments confused me. It left me wondering whether professionals today understood leadership. With all of the fantastic speakers, books devoted to leadership, and the internet overflowing with leadership information, why would people still believe that just having a title deems you a leader?I wanted to respond to both with a lengthy explanation of leadership to help enlighten them, but what good would that do? They really believe they know what leadership is and I would just be another argumentative person on social media. No thanks. ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr
Lam has described the decision to leave as “one of the most difficult I’ve had to make in my life” but says he is proud to pass on the baton knowing that Connacht “is truly seen as one of four strong provinces of Irish rugby.”Connacht CEO Willie Ruane has paid tribute to Lam and says they “remain extremely confident and excited about the future.”He also confirmed that they will begin talks with the IRFU immediately to start the process of recruiting Lam’s replacement.Lam made no reference to his future after Saturday’s bonus point win over Treviso, and instead spoke of having more of his players fit heading into the Christmas period. Connacht have announced the departure of head coach Pat Lam at the end of the season.Lam is leaving the club to take up a new role as head coach of English Premiership side Bristol next summer.The New Zealand native is in his fourth year at Connacht and famously led them to their first Guinness Pro 12 title last season.